M. Sc. Student, Civil Engineering Department, Razi University, Kermanshah, Iran
Associate Professor, Civil Engineering Department, Razi University, Kermanshah, Iran
Flow-rate measurement in rivers under different conditions is required for river management purposes including water resources planning, pollution prevention, and flood control. This study proposed a new discharge estimation method by using a mean velocity derived from a 2D velocity distribution formula based on Tsallis entropy concept. This procedure is done based on several factors which reflect the basic hydraulic characteristics such as river bed slope, wetted perimeter, width, and water level that are easily obtained from rivers. This method avoids putting the environment at risk and significantly reduces time and costs. Validation of the method was carried out by comparing the results with measured values in the experimental sites. Predicted results are in good agreement with the measured data in a cross section of the Tiber River, Italy. Extended usage of this method will make it possible to measure discharge and better estimate the flow rate conveyed from rivers under different hydraulic conditions.