Assistant Professor of Water Engineering Department, Shahid-Abbaspour University of Technology, Tehran, Iran.
Sediment flushing of reservoirs is an operational technique, whereby previously accumulated sediments in the reservoirs are hydraulically removed by accelerated flow when the bottom desilting
outlets of the dam are opened. In this research, the process of sediment flushing is simulated by a three dimensional numerical model in which sediment and flow interaction are reflected in the reservoirs. Reynolds Averaged Navier-Stokes (RANS) equations are solved numerically
by Finite Volume on a three dimensional grid and a standard k −e turbulence model is used.
The resulting flow analysis is used as an input data for the sediment model. The convection diffusion equation for the sediment concentration is solved. The concentration equation derived by Van-Rijn is adopted as a boundary condition, resulting in a calculation of bed material load.
The depth integrated mass balance equation is applied to find the bed changes. The results from the numerical model are compared favorably with the data from physical model studies available
in the literature.